What Exactly Is Hydroelectricity?

The Bourne Energy company, which comes from California, has developed and presented a mobile water power generator that can generate up to 500W of energy. The device can be put on the back just like a bag or backpack. Transport over even long distances should not be burdensome, because the apparatus weighs about 14 kilograms .

The generator during its work does not emit any exhaust gases, which makes it ecological for the environment. The device is intended for use in riverbeds, but not at a greater depth than 4 meters. To prepare the mini power plant for work, place the appropriate catches on both sides of the river and stretch the rope between them. This, in turn, should be pulled through the grommet located on the generator housing . The device is placed under water, and the appropriate strength of the stream flowing through the mini power plant allows you to generate electricity.

The price of this mobile power plant is estimated at $ 3,000 . The product has not yet been put into production, because the company is looking for an investor who will allocate $ 4 million to launch the production line of this prototype device .

Hydropower is a renewable energy source that is produced by taking advantage of the passage of rivers through the construction of dams. There are several types of hydroelectric plants, each with its own characteristics.

Types of Hydroelectric Power Plants

The most common hydroelectric power station in the world is the so-called “reservoir plant” .In this type of plant, water accumulates in the dam and then falls from the height on ahydraulic turbine , turning it and producing electricity with the electric generators located in the engine room. Then, its voltage rises to transport the energy without major losses and subsequently join the electricity grid. On the other hand, the water used returns to its natural course.

Another model is the “central pass” . This type of power plants take advantage of the natural slope of the river and then drifts the water through a channel to the plant where turbines that can be vertical (if the river has a steep slope) or horizontal (if the slope is low) move , generating electrical energy similar to reservoir plants. These types of plants operate continuously since they have no capacity to store water.

Finally, another model of hydroelectric power plants is the “pumping or reversible power plants” which, in addition to harnessing the energy of the water, can consume energy to transport the water to the upper reservoir in hours of low demand and release it when the electricity consumption is high . They function as an energy storage method to meet energy demand.

In Enel Peru we promote the use of water resources to power thousands of Peruvian families with our hydroelectric plants in Huinco, Matucana, Callahuanca, Moyopampa, Huampaní, Yanango and Chimay. In addition, we are building the Ayanunga Hydroelectric Power Plant with which we will further increase our ability to generate clean energy with which we will illuminate thousands of Peruvian homes.

In Enel Peru, we are committed to bringing energy to more Peruvian homes through our vision of promoting innovation with sustainability .

Our hydroelectric plants

We lead the production of clean energy in the country with our hydroelectric plantsin Huinco, Matucana , Callahuanca , Moyopampa , Huampaní , Yanango and Chimay . And that’s not all: soon we will have the Ayanunga Hydroelectric Power Plant whose installed capacity amounts to approximately 20 MW and that will work in the Monzón district, in the department of Huánuco. This hydroelectric power plant will generate around 132 GWh per year , preventing the emission of almost 63 thousand tons of CO2 into the atmosphere.

The Wayra I Wind Power Plant

Our Wayra I Wind Power Plant is already generating energy from the wind in the Marcona district, Nasca province, Ica department. With an installed capacity of 132.3 MW, Wayra I takes advantage of the important wind resources of the southern coast of this area. You can find more information about this wind power plant here .

The Rubí Solar Power Station

On the other hand, we have the Rubí Solar Power Plant with a capacity of 180 MW (direct current) and with which we generate approximately 440 GWh per year, avoiding the emission of almost 210 thousand tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. It is located in the department of Moquegua, which has high levels of solar radiation. You can find more information about this plant here .

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